**Is Profit Per Million (PPM) in the first 30 seconds post trade a good predictor of a Traders’ Realised Profit when they ultimately close their positions.**

One of the key measures often quoted when evaluating the effectiveness of a Trader’s strategy is their Profit Per Million [in the first *n* seconds from the time of execution]. Some believe that a Trader who is frequently successful in the first 30 seconds post trade will ultimately make money.

*BTW, this post is only example of how to explore a hypothetical question about trading data with visualisation and not intended to be advice or conclusive. *

### Discovering Insight through Visualisation

Any analysis must begin with a question which we then endeavour to answer. For example:

Is there a high correlation between a trader’s Average PPM and their ultimate realised profit?

There are many ways to answer such questions or prove theories about the relationship between *features *of trading activity and the *outcomes* we are trying to predict, such as profit. These include statistical approaches like linear regression, machine learning techniques or exploring with visualisation.

All of these are appropriate at some point. I generally like to start with visualisation before investing in application of the other techniques as they can be expensive to implement. It is quite amazing how the human mind can grasp complex relationships and patterns if they are presented visually.

In this question, the *outcome* we are interested is the Realised Profit, the *feature* we are evaluating is Average PPM. We’d like to discover if and when there is a correlation such that PPM can be used as a predictor of Realised Profit outcomes.

### Scatter Plots are great for visualising correlation

There are many available chart types to visualise data. Below we need to display the relationship between PPM and Realised PnL by Trader. Scatter Plots are perfect for identifying relationships between several features and outcomes at the same time. This chart presents Realised PnL across the horizontal axis and average PPM across the vertical. Out of interest, I was also curious about the average size of the trades, so I’ve use the size of the bubble to depict USD equivalent size of trade. For a bit more clarity, I’m using colour to depict the Realised PnL as well.

### Clustering in quadrants shows Correlation

Generally, if there were a strong correlation between the factors being measured on the X and Y axis, we would see a cluster or cloud of bubbles in at least one of the quadrants or spanning diagonally between two quadrants of the Scatter Plot. For example, if high PPM meant high Realised PnL, there would be a big cloud in the upper left quadrant ( the Realised PnL is in broker perspective ).

As you can see, the bubble are clinging to the axes which is indicating that PPM in the first 30 seconds post trade is not highly correlated with realised PnL of the trader.

### Zoom In if you want to learn more

To explore this more deeply, we can zoom in to a section of the plot that we are interested in. I am most interested in the Traders that are making money off me. That is the ones on the left.

# Drawing Insights from Findings: What does it all mean?

One finding above is **there is not a big correlation between Average PPM and the Realised PnL by Trader**.

But, before you walk away, to get Insight, you need to ask yourself: Is that enough? Are we finished here? Do I see anything else here?

As the answer to one question often leads to another, I have a question now. I’m looking at the larger red bubbles in the upper left quadrant and I now want to know: Is a high correlation between PPM and Realised PnL a predictor of long term performance of a Trader?

Intuitively, I am tempted to take a punt. But, for better outcomes, you need to let the data speak for itself.

I’m going to explore this next question, write me if you’d like to know the answer.